3 days ago
Coconut, hemp, olive, emu? What is the difference between CBD oil bases and how do they compare? CBD oil is everywhere- you may have heard friends, celebrities, journalists, your mailman- literally everyone- going on about its benefits. You can find it in your local coffee shop, pharmacy, and even at Kim K’s baby shower. It’s inescapable, and for good reason. But not all CBD oil is created equally. To truly reap its benefits, you need to know which one is right for you. CBD doesn’t actually produce oil- CBD oil isn’t derived from CBD, like olive oil is derived from olives. Instead, different types of oils are used as a base, and then infused with CBD. You may be thinking, “if CBD is the active ingredient, why don’t we just skip the oil and take CBD straight?”. It’s not quite that simple. In order for our bodies to digest things properly, they need to be broken down and absorbed through the intestinal wall. Cannabinoids like CBD are fat-soluble, so they dissolve more easily in oil than in water. This makes oil a drastically more efficient and effective delivery system for CBD. You may see a wide variety of oils being used as a base for CBD oil- almost any type of oil can technically be used. The most popular choices are hemp, coconut, and olive oil. Emu oil has also been gaining traction for its bioavailability (more on that later). We have broken down the different types of bases you may encounter, and some of our favorites of each kind! Coconut/MCT Oil Fractionated coconut oil is probably the most common carrier for CBD because it contains 90% saturated fat. Since CBD is fat-soluble, this makes coconut oil extremely efficient for delivering CBD. MCT oil refers to the fat molecules contained in the oil. Palm oil can also be an MCT, but because of its environmental impact, is not as common as coconut. Another benefit of coconut oil is that it is virtually scentless and odorless, making it easy for the manufacturer to add their own scents and flavors, or to keep it neutral. Try this coconut-based CBD oil from Grön Hemp Oil Like CBD, hemp is also derived from the cannabis plant, but hemp oil does not contain any CBD or THC on its own. It is also an extremely common CBD carrier, second only to coconut oil. Because it is not a fatty oil, hemp oil is not as bioavailable as coconut oil- meaning it is not quite as efficient for delivery. Still, some brands choose to use hemp oil as their base to keep all of their ingredients cannabis-derived, and for the added components of Hemp oil. Its benefits (it is high in omega, supports is a natural anti-inflammatory, and fights free-radicals) combined with CBD still make for an effective tincture. Try this hemp-based CBD oil from Lovena Emu Oil Yes- like the bird. You probably never heard of this option, but emu oil is actually the most bioavailable option on the market- even more so than coconut oil. Emu oil on its own is a natural pain reliever and anti-inflammatory with antifungal antimicrobial properties. It also boosts collagen production. While there are a plethora of health benefits associated with emu oil, what really makes it a great CBD carrier is its high level of EFAs (essential fatty acids), resulting in it being the most efficient option for delivering CBD. If maximum absorption is your goal, emu oil is for you. However, unlike the more common CBD bases, it is of course made using animal product, so vegans may prefer to stick to coconut, hemp, or olive oil bases. Try this emu-based CBD oil from Aponi Olive Oil Olive oil is sometimes used as a based for CBD oil because it is full of healthy fats, packed with antioxidants, and of course, easy to source. Since most people already use olive oil on a regular basis, it is natural to have a preference for a base that is already familiar and trusted. Try this olive-based CBD oil from Canapa Photo credits: Olive Coconut Hemp Emu
5 days ago
Earlier this month I had the awesome opportunity to visit one of my favorite cannabis producers- Indigo Gardens. This was not my first time visiting their farm, but every time I visit their property, I am blown away by the attention and care they give to the land. Indigo Gardens is a regenerative cannabis farm located in the Applegate Valley. Their team, with combined experience spanning several decades, produces truly quality products. They grow various strains in their greenhouse and outdoor garden to sell as their own or to partner with a leading processor, like Willamette Valley Alchemy, to cobrand vape cartridges and other concentrated products. My favorite thing about Indigo Gardens is the full utilization of their property. Aside from producing cannabis on their property, they also have a wide array of fruits growing, like apples, pears, plums, kiwis, cherries, and strawberries. This full utilization of their land makes sure none of their resources go to waste. On the farm, you’ll find a pond that is filled with run off from the Applegate River. This pond is home to frogs, fish, ducks, and several other wildlife. Indigo uses its nutrient rich water and mineral deposits for both their indoor and outdoor gardens. Using the natural ecosystem established around the lake means Indigo does not have to import and use artificial synthetic fertilizers. It is clear that Indigo uses nature to their advantage, but they do so in ways that benefit the ecosystem as a whole. They are not depriving nature of its resources, but instead creating a thriving ecosystem where nature can do its thing, and in turn, support all of their crops. The property’s ecology is booming, from the creatures in the lake to the ladybugs used to fight mites in the greenhouse, to the chickens and peacocks they have roaming the property- they clearly know how to utilize nature while preserving and growing it’s best parts. As they say at Indigo Gardens, “regenerating the earth is the goal, and world class cannabis is a beautiful byproduct”.
1 month ago
It’s hard to say the precise moment when CBD, the voguish cannabis derivative, went from being a fidget spinner alternative for stoners to a mainstream panacea. Maybe it was in January, when Mandy Moore, hours before the Golden Globes, told Coveteur that she was experimenting with CBD oil to relieve the pain from wearing high heels. “It could be a really exciting evening,” she said. “I could be floating this year.” Maybe it was in July, when Willie Nelson introduced a line of CBD-infused coffee beans called Willie’s Remedy. “It’s two of my favorites, together in the perfect combination,” he said in a statement. Or maybe it was earlier this month, when Dr. Sanjay Gupta gave a qualified endorsement of CBD on “The Dr. Oz Show.” “I think there is a legitimate medicine here,” he said. “We’re talking about something that could really help people.” So the question now becomes: Is this the dawning of a new miracle elixir, or does all the hype mean we have already reached Peak CBD? Either way, it would be hard to script a more of-the-moment salve for a nation on edge. With its proponents claiming that CBD treats ailments as diverse as inflammation, pain, acne, anxiety, insomnia, depression, post-traumatic stress and even cancer, it’s easy to wonder if this all natural, non-psychotropic and widely available cousin of marijuana represents a cure for the 21st century itself. The ice caps are melting, the Dow teeters, and a divided country seems headed for divorce court. Is it any wonder, then, that everyone seems to be reaching for the tincture? “Right now, CBD is the chemical equivalent to Bitcoin in 2016,” said Jason DeLand, a New York advertising executive and a board member of Dosist, a cannabis company in Santa Monica, Calif., that makes disposable vape pens with CBD. “It’s hot, everywhere and yet almost nobody understands it.” Cannabis for Non-Stoners With CBD popping up in nearly everything — bath bombs, ice cream, dog treats — it is hard to overstate the speed at which CBD has moved from the Burning Man margins to the cultural center. A year ago, it was easy to be blissfully unaware of CBD. Now, to measure the hype, it’s as if everyone suddenly discovered yoga. Or penicillin. Or maybe oxygen. Even so, you ask, what is CBD? Plenty of people still have no idea. CBD is short for cannabidiol, an abundant chemical in the cannabis plant. Unlike its more famous cannabinoid cousin, THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBD does not make you stoned. Which is not to say that you feel utterly normal when you take it. CBD drops by a New York start-up called Plant People. The product purports to relieve stress, reduce pain and improve cognition. Credit: Jules Davies Users speak of a “body” high, as opposed to a mind-altering one. “Physically, it’s like taking a warm bath, melting the tension away,” said Gabe Kennedy, 27, a founder of Plant People, a start-up in New York that sells CBD capsules and oils. “It is balancing; a leveling, smoothing sensation in the body mostly, and an evenness of attention in the mind.” TRAVEL As states continue to legalize, you can expect to see cannabis-based edibles on the menu during your next hotel resturant visit. Comparing it to the feeling after an intense meditation or yoga session, Mr. Kennedy added that the CBD glow has “synergistic downstream effects” in terms of social connections. “Around others, I find myself more present and attentive, more creative and open.” Moreover, you are unlikely to find yourself microwaving frozen burritos at midnight after taking CBD, unlike with pot. Such quasi-religious talk is common among CBD’s disciples. “I’m a 30 y.o. male who has not experienced a single anxiety free day in my adult life,” wrote one user on a CBD forum on Reddit earlier this month. “About 3 weeks ago I started taking CBD-oil 10 percent and I can’t even describe how amazing I feel. For the first time in 15+ years I feel happy and look forward to living a long life.” Such testimonials make CBD seem like a perfect cure for our times. Every cultural era, after all, has its defining psychological malady. This also means that every era has its signature drug. The jittery postwar era, with its backyard bomb shelters and suburban fears about keeping up with the Joneses, gave rise to a boom in sedatives, as seen in the era’s pop songs (“Mother’s Little Helper,” by the Rolling Stones) and best sellers (“Valley of the Dolls,” by Jacqueline Susann). The recessionary 1990s gave rise to Generation X angst, Kurt Cobain dirges and a cultural obsession with newfangled antidepressants (see Elizabeth Wurtzel’s “Prozac Nation: Young and Depressed in America”). The defining sociological condition today, especially among millennials, is arguably anxiety: anxiety about our political dysfunction, anxiety about terrorism, anxiety about climate change, anxiety about student loan debt, even anxiety about artificial intelligence taking away all the good jobs. The anxiety feels even more acute since the wired generation feels continuously bombarded by new reasons to freak out, thanks to their smart devices. “You are inundated with terrible news, and you have no choice to opt in or out,” said Verena von Pfetten, 35, the former digital director for Lucky magazine who is a founder of Gossamer, a high-style magazine targeted to cannabis-loving tastemakers. “You open your computer, check your phone, there are news alerts.” What a convenient time for Mother Nature to bestow a perma-chillax cure that seems to tie together so many cultural threads at once: our obsession with self-care and wellness, the mainstreaming of alternative therapies and the relentless march of legalized marijuana. “That seems like a gift in these times,” Ms. von Pfetten said. Credit: Photo Illustration by Eric Helgas for The New York Times ‘The New Avocado Toast’ The tsunami of CBD-infused products has hit so suddenly, and with such force, that marketers have strained to find a fitting analogy. Chris Burggraeve, a former Coca-Cola and Ab InBev executive, called it the “new avocado toast,” in an interview with Business Insider. Then again, avocado toast seems so five years ago. Fad chasers looking for the next-next big thing may want to check out the CBD-infused ricotta-and-honey toast at Chillhouse, the Instagram-ready coffee shop, nail salon and massage studio on the Lower East Side of Manhattan. And then retreat to Inscape NYC, a meditation and relaxation studio in Chelsea, to unwind with a stress-busting CBD Saturday session. It would be false to suggest CBD is nothing more than an obsession for reiki-adjacent bicoastal millennials. According to the AARP website, CBD has become a popular treatment for pain and arthritis among baby boomers, some of whom may have been out of the cannabis game since they rolled their last doobie at a Foghat concert in 1975. Even so, CBD seems to have found its natural target audience among the vegan-curious creative professionals who cluster in trendy hotels like the James New York-Nomad hotel, which offers a room-service CBD tasting menu featuring CBD-infused meatballs and sriracha-mayo House Tots. Or the Standard hotel outposts in Miami and New York, which sell $50 blood orange-flavored gumdrops by the upscale CBD brand Lord Jones in its minibars. Blood orange and CBD-infused gumdrops by an upscale brand called Lord Jones, which is sold at trendy hotels. Such sumptuously packaged, premium-priced CBD products appeal to trend-conscious consumers in part because they promise a degree of indulgence — without the indulgence. Despite its cannabis origins, CBD is not marketed as a recreational drug, but almost as its opposite: as a corrective to the ill effects of alcohol and even marijuana itself, which makes it catnip for hard-charging professionals who need to be fresh for a 7 a.m. breakfast meeting. A detox drink under development called Sober Up, for example, will contain CBD and is supposed to support liver health and help prevent hangovers. Fewer hangovers is also the sales pitch at Adriaen Block, a bar in the Astoria neighborhood of Queens that whips up CBD-infused negronis and old-fashioned cocktails. “You can maintain a conversation and know what you are saying,” said Zsolt Csonka, who owns the bar and mixes drinks there. “After two or three drinks, you’ll be able to go to the gym the next day. When added to dishes like sesame shrimp toast at PopCultivate, a series of cannabis-centric pop-up dinners in Los Angeles, CBD (which is flavorless) can function as a social lubricant, just like a wine pairing, but without, according to proponents, the hangover. “You become more engaged with your neighbors, talk more freely, and meet more people you dine with,” said Chris Yang, the molecular biologist turned chef behind the series. But nowhere does the fervor for CBD seem greater than in health and beauty, where cannabidiol is often packaged with buzzy terms like “single origin,” “small batch” and “plant based.” Among beauty products alone, CBD has already achieved cliché status, popping up in blemish creams, sleeping masks, shampoos, hair conditioners, eye serums, anti-acne lotions, mascaras, massage oils, soaps, lip balms, bath bombs, anti-wrinkle serums, muscle rubs and a Sephora aisle’s worth of moisturizers, face lotions and body creams. Even the bedroom is not safe from the CBD invasion, to judge by the spate of CBD sexual lubricants on shelves. “I replaced my entire beauty routine with only CBD products,” read a recent headline in Glamour magazine. This earthy, artisanal aura plays well with devotees of, say, Goop, who are already conditioned, after years of aromatherapy, cryotherapy and homeopathy, to accept a natural wellness mantra over anything on offer by Big Pharma and the medical industrial complex. As an alternative health regimen, CBD holds particular appeal to women, said Gretchen Lidicker, the health editor of Mindbodygreen, a wellness website based in New York, and the author of “CBD Oil Everyday Secrets.” Noting the preponderance of female-run CBD businesses, Ms. Lidicker, 26, said that it is “no surprise that women are leading the CBD movement.” “Women have long felt ignored and dehumanized by the medical and health care industries,” she said. “They experience longer wait times for treatment. Their pain and suffering are more likely to be dismissed as anxiety or hysteria. And the male body has typically been the model for medical research.” Such concerns seem to have helped fuel the CBD movement. In an era marked by a loss of faith traditional institutions (governments, banks, hospitals), CBD has flourished, perhaps because it seems new, mysterious and untainted by the mainstream. It may or may not be a coincidence that one of the best-known CBD retailers in New York, the Alchemist’s Kitchen in the East Village, serves up cannabidiol tinctures and gel caps, alongside workshops on astrocartography, lucid dreaming and full-moon ancestral healing. And devotees swear it works. “It really helps with pain, inflammation and the general anxiety that grips me 24 hour a day,” said Anna Duckworth, 34, the editor of Miss Grass, a website based in Venice, Calif., that W magazine called the “Goop of cannabis.” “There are millions and millions of people who are just fed up and don’t want to take these drugs that make them feel bad,” she said, “and want to go a more nontoxic, natural route.” Credit: Photo Illustration by Eric Helgas for The New York Times Snake Oil or Wonder Drug? There’s one problem with that approach. When people turn to CBD-infused coconut lattes to cure acne and erectile dysfunction, it is not easy to separate hype from science. Skeptics who assume CBD is just 21st-century snake oil, however, may be surprised to learn that the substance is being studied as a potential treatment for maladies as diverse as schizophrenia, insomnia and cancer. “CBD is the most promising drug that has come out for neuropsychiatric diseases in the last 50 years,” said Dr. Esther Blessing, an assistant professor at New York University School of Medicine, who is coordinating a study of CBD as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol use disorder. “The reason it is so promising is that it has a unique combination of safety and effectiveness across of very broad range of conditions.” The National Institutes of Health database lists about 150 of studies involving CBD as a treatment for conditions as varied as infantile spasms and Parkinson’s disease. And the research has led to medical treatments. In June, the Food and Drug Administration approved a cannabidiol-based drug called Epidiolex as a treatment for severe forms of epilepsy, representing the first government-sanctioned medical use for CBD. Preliminary research also indicates that CBD may be effective as an antipsychotic in reducing the symptoms of schizophrenia, with fewer side effects compared with current antipsychotic drugs, Dr. Blessing said. A disposable CBD vape pen by Dosist, a cannabis company in Santa Monica, Calif. A disposable CBD vape pen by Dosist, a cannabis company in Santa Monica, Calif. CBD has also shown promise to reduce cravings among people addicted to opioids, according to a study published in Neurotherapeutics in 2015. It may fight cancer, too. The authors of a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology in 2012 wrote: “evidence is emerging to suggest that CBD is a potent inhibitor of both cancer growth and spread.” That’s not to say that a CBD-laced gummy or two should be considered medicine. “Most of the products where people are putting CBD in coffee or food, there’s no solid evidence that they contain enough CBD to do anything,” Dr. Blessing said. “A CBD coffee may only have five milligrams in it. In order to treat anxiety, we know you need around 300 milligrams.” Don’t go chugging a shot of CBD oil just yet, though. Dr. Blessing said that much of the research is in its infancy, and the purity and dosage of some CBD consumer products may not reliable. And, she noted, CBD can have negative interactions with many medications, so potential users should talk to their doctors before taking it.” There are legal hazards as well. As with all cannabis products, the federal government categorizes CBD products other than Epidiolex as a Schedule 1 drug, like heroin, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. And cannabis remains illegal under federal law, even in states that have legalized marijuana for medical or recreational use. Even so, the D.E.A.’s mission is to go after large-scale drug traffickers, not individual users, said Barbara Carreno, an agency spokeswoman. “We’re not swatting joints out of hands in Hilo, Hawaii, and we’re not going to focus on somebody who is buying lotion or ice cream that has CBD in it.” Although there have been scattered raids of CBD retailers around the country, several states, including Alabama, Texas, Florida and Oklahoma, have passed laws approving specific CBD products to treat specific ailments. And CBD shops have cropped up nationwide, in Los Angeles, Oklahoma City and Austin, Tex., to name just a few cities. In New York City, for example, CBD tinctures and other products can be bought at specialty shops, health food stores, yoga studios, flea markets, boutiques and even some corner delis. (The availability of CBD is perhaps not surprising, given Mayor Bill de Blasio’s continued efforts to reduce the penalties for low-level marijuana violations.) Aside from a federal crackdown, the only thing that may eventually kill CBD’s momentum is hype itself, said Mr. DeLand of Dosist. The frothy claims about CBD “sets up some false expectations that the molecule will never be able to live up to,” Mr. DeLand said. Not only are questionable claims an invitation for government regulation, but they risk making even legitimate applications seem dubious, he said. “In isolation, CBD obviously does have some benefits, but it’s certainly not a catchall for all the world’s health problems,” he said. “We are at the tip of the iceberg on what its therapeutic applications are, and how to make those applications repeatable.” “The future of this industry,” Mr. DeLand added, “is going to be based on fact, not fiction.” Sourced from NY Times.
1 month ago
For the last 80 years, cannabis has been identified as Public Enemy Number 1, said to promote lude behavior, encourage violence, and drive people into states of rage. Fortunately, these social and political arguments have yet to be backed by any real science. The cannabis plant has been a part of human history for millennia. As one of the oldest agricultural and economic crops, the human species has used the plant to fulfill just about every basic need, food, medicine, clothing, and shelter included. While the herb has long been blindly considered a public health enemy, recent epidemiological research has found that public access to the plant may have several meaningful benefits. According to the latest research, here are 7 ways cannabis reform can benefit public health: 1. Cannabis consumers binge drink less More than 88,000 people die from alcohol in the U.S. each year. Rates of binge-drinking in the United States have gone up over the past decade. Loosely defined, a night of drinking is considered a binger when at least four glasses of alcohol are consumed within a two-hour period. In fact, research published in the American Journal of Public Health found that between 2005 and 2012, binge drinking increased by 8.9 percent. While it’s easy to get carried away in social situations, drinking too much in one sitting can have some serious consequences. According to the Centers for Disease Control, binge drinking has been associated with a wide variety of public health problems, including increased violent behavior and sexual assault. Fascinatingly, research suggests that cannabis may be able to combat some of this behavior. A report published by the Wall Street investment firm Cowen & Company found that states with adult-use cannabis laws saw a reduction in binge drinking rates by 9 percent below the national average. Compared with non-legal states, rates of binge drinking fell by a whopping 11 percent. Why? Cowen & Company suggest that cannabis acts as a substitute for alcohol as a social lubricant.Unlike alcohol, however, the herb is not associated with debilitating long-term side effects. And there’s actually more to the story here: 2. Swapping cannabis for alcohol may reduce risks of dementia Another example of how heavy drinking can destroy your life. Speaking of binge drinking, a 2018 study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health has found that heavy alcohol consumption is one of the primary risk factors for dementia, particularly early-onset dementia. “The findings indicate that heavy drinking and alcohol use disorders are the most important risk factors for dementia,” says study co-author Jürgen Rehm, “and especially important for those types of dementia which start before age 65, and which lead to premature deaths.” As Rehm mentions, dementia and brain damage caused by alcohol are entirely preventable at the individual, community, and policy level. While meaningful public health research is sorely needed, cannabis reform may be a major policy contender when it comes to reducing the occurrence of alcohol-induced brain damage. Not only is binge drinking down in legal cannabis states, but preliminary rodent and cell line research suggests that cannabis has potent neuroprotective properties. These neuroprotective properties include reduced inflammation in the brain and can potentially protect against the death of brain cells in patients with neurological diseases. Should these findings continue to hold true in human trials, the cannabis plant may one day play an important role in the future prevention of neurological diseases. And that’s not all... 3. It is impossible to fatally overdose on cannabis Even though cannabis has an incredible safety profile, we must still respect it. Unlike many other recreational substances, including alcohol and other drugs, it is impossible to fatally overdose on cannabis. While cannabis compounds actively affect cells in the brain and throughout the body, the receptor sites responsible for the herb’s intoxicating effects are mysteriously missing in the brainstem. Why is this important? The brainstem holds the machinery that controls respiration. Cannabis is often referred to as a “drug” when discussed in policy and public health settings. However, unlike most substances of abuse, it is impossible for the herb to slow breathing to the point of death. As a result, there have been no known fatal overdoses from the cannabis plant. The harm reduction potential here is vast... 4. States with medical cannabis laws have fewer opioid overdose deaths Cannabis won't stop your breathing like opioids will. Already, cannabis policy reform has had several profound effects on opioid addiction in states that allow medical consumption. A well-known 2014 study found that that access to the herb reduced rates of opioid overdose by a whopping 25 percent. In a more comprehensive follow-up study, researchers discovered that having easy access to the plant via dispensaries decreased overdose rates even further. A 25 percent reduction translated to an incredible 40 percent reduction in opioid deaths when consumers had access to cannabis dispensaries. Here’s another important health challenge cannabis can help address: 5. Cannabis consumers are less likely to develop diabetes Highly addictive and no medical value -- why isn't sugar a schedule I substance? While there has been significant public health focus on cannabis and drug addiction, early research suggests that the herb may have other benefits as well. Epidemiological research published in 2011 found that cannabis consumption was correlated with reduced rates of obesity. Research published in the British Medical Journal a year later discovered that cannabis consumers were less likely to develop diabetes. Adding more fodder to the fire, a study published in the American Journal of Medicine found that those who partake in the herb show lower levels of fasting insulin and improved glucose metabolism. Exactly what causes this correlation is unknown. However, rising rates of diabetes are among the biggest public health concerns across the globe. Not only does diabetes itself contribute to over 1.5 million deaths annually around the world, but the health and economic impacts of high blood sugar are immense. Diabetes is a prime contributor to heart disease, stroke, obesity, and other major metabolic ailments. Cannabis can also help people already suffering from diabetes. It’s amazing how much just one plant covers and hard to believe it’s been illegal for so long. Here’s another great example: 6. Medicare costs on many prescription drugs have declined in medical cannabis states No wonder why pharmaceutical companies have been lobbying to keep cannabis illegal. It’s official. Medical cannabis consumers are swapping their prescription drugs in exchange for the natural herbal remedy. A 2016 study published in Health Affairs found that Medicare Part D prescriptions for painkillers and antidepressants decreased shortly after states enacted medical cannabis laws. On average, daily doses of antidepressants per physician per year fell by 265. For pain, prescriptions fell by 1,826 daily doses per doctor per year. Compared to the overwhelming rate these medications are prescribed, these numbers may not seem that significant. However, reduced prescriptions per doctor equate to some major health care savings in the long haul. According to the study, medical cannabis laws were estimated to have saved taxpayers over $165.2 million as patients forwent their pharmaceutical medications and picked up the plant instead. What other ways is cannabis helping us live happier, healthier lives? 7. Cannabis consumers have lower rates of domestic violence Domestic violence is one of those things we don't talk about enough. The phrase “vape together, stay together” might have some weight after all. A 2014 study published in the journal Psychology of Addictive Behaviors followed 634 couples during their first nine years of marriage. The study’s researchers were hoping to test whether or not cannabis consumption had any impact on rates of intimate partner violence during marriage. Overall, the research found that couples who consumed cannabis together during the first year of marriage were less likely to experience domestic violence during the first nine years of wedlock. However, the research also found that if women alone smoked cannabis, they were more likely to be victims of domestic violence. Yet, these women were already more likely to report experiencing intimate partner violence prior to marriage. Will cannabis put a stop to domestic violence? No. But given that the herb can act as a replacement for other violence-inducing substances, cannabis reform is certainly worth considering. Content Sourced from Green Flower.
1 month ago
When I first learned about CBD oil, I'll admit I was a bit skeptical. My mind immediately turned to weed and the unnerving experiences I'd had with heightened anxiety in college. For me, a person who's already predisposed to overthinking, marijuana, no matter what the form, would typically put my mind into overdrive and result in a common yet dreaded side effect: paranoia. A bit of online digging led me to realize that the active ingredient in Charlotte's Web Everyday Plus Hemp Oil, the product I'd been offered to test, was the chemical compound CBD, which stands for Cannabidiol. Unlike THC, the other crucial compound in hemp and marijuana plants, CBD does not produce the psychoactive effects that make you feel "high"; instead, it actually eases anxiety and makes you less likely to freak out. One study comparing the effects of THC and CBD even found that, while THC increased anxiety by activating the neurotransmitters involved in the "fight or flight" response, CBD actually repressed autonomic arousal—or the nervous system response associated with sudden increases in heart rate or respiration. In other words, CBD is ideal for people looking to relax and unwind—not get out of their minds. While the science behind CBD oil assuaged many of my concerns, Charlotte Figi's inspiring story was the kicker. Figi, a 6-year-old girl diagnosed with a rare and resistant form of epilepsy known as Dravet syndrome, was actually placed on hospice care and given a "do not resuscitate" order when her parents, desperate and frustrated with pharmaceutical medication, considered medical marijuana. Charlotte is now 99% seizure-free since she began supplementing with Charlotte Web's CBD oil, which the brand named after Figi. I was in awe of CBD's potent effects, especially when I learned that the oil could be used to treat everyday ailments like anxiety, chronic pain, migraines, nausea, and inflammation in addition to serious issues like epilepsy, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson's. With that, I threw caution to the wind and asked for a sample. Here's what happened when I took one full dropper of Charlotte's Web's Everyday Plus Hemp Oil in the mint chocolate flavor every morning for seven days. MY FIRST IMPRESSION It was actually a bad bout of jet lag after a trip to California that inspired me to finally test out the CBD oil (I'll admit that my weed-based reservations kept me from trying it for the first few months). Knowing that the oil had also helped people with sleep issues, I squeezed one full dropper of the Everyday Plus oil onto my tongue, per the instructions, and waited. Thirty minutes later, I was surprised by how subtle the effect was. While I expected a hazy nodding-off effect similar to melatonin's, the oil simply relaxed my body ever so slightly—my heart stopped pounding against my chest, my legs stopped kicking beneath my sheets, my mind stopped racing. I wasn't sure if it was the oil or the late hour, but eventually, physical relaxation gave way to mental relaxation, and I drifted off to sleep. Reflecting the next morning, I was most surprised by the fact that I never felt "high" in any way—there was never a moment of It's kicking in; I can feel it now like with pain medications or even anti-anxiety drugs. Considering it takes time, consistency, and the right dosage to experience the full effect, I continued taking the oil once a day for the next six days. Here's what went down. It made me less anxious and on edge While normally I'd be slightly tripped up by little things like an overly crowded subway car or a full inbox at work, the CBD oil seems to have taken the edge off of my anxiety a bit. Rather than overthinking a sternly worded email or analyzing a social interaction, I've found it easier to recognize the irrationality of these thoughts and actually let them go (instead of ruminating on the situation). In some ways, I feel more like myself. With that said, I've still experienced some social anxiety when meeting new groups of people—I'd be interested to see what taking the full recommended dose would do. I'm more focused at work I work well under pressure, but being extremely busy at work has almost made me less productive—I'm constantly distracted by email, Slack, and the people around me, to the point where getting my work done becomes difficult. This week, however, I've found it easier to put my blinders on, block out all distractions (especially social distractions) and focus on one task at a time. I think this is partly related to the lessened anxiety—I feel more frazzled and off task when my anxiety is running high. It almost feels like a newfound sense of clarity and calm that enables me to focus. I'm falling asleep faster I assume this is also a side effect of the eased anxiety, but I seem to fall asleep within the 20- to 30-minute range rather than my normal 45 minutes to one hour (or longer). Not only do I seem to be skipping (or at least shortening) the whole tossing-and-turning phase of my sleep cycle, but I'm able to snap out of the overthinking mindset that often keeps me up at night. Of course, there's no telling whether a big life event would kindly disrupt this newfound bliss, but I'd like to think it's helped on day-to-day basis. THE VERDICT Would I say that CBD oil has fundamentally changed my life? No. But per the Charlotte's Web website, this is the typical first experience. "Anyone who has ever started a new vitamin or supplement routine knows the short answer to how long it takes to kick in is—'it depends,'" reads the article on what to expect from hemp oil. "For many newcomers, they're not sure what to imagine, or some anticipate a huge change right away. For most of us, though, dietary supplements take time." With that said, I'm definitely intrigued enough by the subtle effects to continue taking the oil and possibly even to up the dosage to the recommended two full droppers of the 30mL bottle per day for a week or so. Plus, I take comfort in knowing that it's an all-natural treatment for anxiety that's responsibly grown on family farms in Colorado. Something that's safe, legal, requires no prescription, and makes me less anxious, less scatterbrained, and more focused? I'm definitely on board. Have you tried CBD oil? Share your experience in the comments below! Sourced from My Domaine.
1 month ago
For years, I prepared my homemade cannabis edibles with the same process, blind to the small mistakes I was making along the way. Yes, I achieved a product that would do the job (sometimes too well), but I had no idea that I could improve the flavor and consistency all while conserving time, money, and product by tweaking just a few steps along the way. All it took was putting the cooking utensils down for a few hours and listening to a pro. A few months back, I attended the Puff, Pass & Bake class led by Chef Torrin Panico, who led us through the process of cooking cannabis oil properly while addressing some common missteps along the way. As soon as I understood the basic science of decarboxylation and infusion, I saw all of the flaws in my own process. There isn’t one right way to make quality cannabis edibles; experimentation, trial, and error are all a part of the craft. But consider these cooking tips and see if it changes your batch for the better. Mistake #1: Spending too much money on flower for cannabis edibles Solution: A little goes a long way I hear plenty of tragic tales of people throwing a half ounce of cannabis into a slow cooker thinking that’s how much cannabis it takes to make a cup of infused butter. Remember this ratio instead: 1:1 – 1 cup of oil to 1 cup of ground cannabis (about 7-10 grams) Lipids in the oil can only bind with so many cannabinoids, so exceeding this ratio is, by some standards, wasteful. Buying less cannabis is one way to save money, but if you’d like to save even more, consider infusing your oil with cannabis stems, trim, or with cannabis flower that’s been vaporized (called “ABV,” or “already been vaped” cannabis). Mistake #2: Throwing ground cannabis straight in the slow-cooker Solution: Decarboxylate cannabis in the oven first Before cooking with cannabis, you must decarboxylate it. First, let’s be clear: don’t just throw unactivated, raw flower into your batter or dish. Not only will it taste bad, it won’t allow the cannabinoids to fully activate and bind to lipids. That means you won’t feel much of anything and will have only succeeded in wasting precious cannabis. Many people know to decarboxylate cannabis in the oven first, but it’s worth noting here for anyone who doesn’t know or doesn’t see the point in doing so. You can skip this step and add your raw cannabis to the slow cooker to decarb in the oil, but you might find that this longer oil soak simply worsens the taste of your cannabis oil. It’s also more difficult to control the temperature in a slow cooker and you risk burning off essential cannabinoids, but in an oven, you can set the temperature low and keep it steady. Mistake #3: Heating and decarbing at the wrong temperatures Solution: Know how hot and how long to heat your cannabis and cannabutter Not only is it crucial to decarboxylate your cannabis before cooking with it, you have to decarboxylate it correctly. That means setting your oven to the right temperature, letting it heat for long enough, and mixing it to activate the most surface area. Generally speaking, you want to: Heat the oven to 245°F (120°C) Cook for 30 to 40 minutes Mix the buds every 10 minutes If you’re tight on time, you can set the oven to 300°F (150°C) and cook for 10 to 18 minutes, stirring every five minutes–but the low-and-slow method is always best when dealing with delicate cannabinoids. When steeping the ground cannabis in oil, try to maintain a temperature between 160-200°F (low or medium on a slow cooker). Use a thermometer to check the temperature and let it cook for about three hours with the cover removed. Mistake #4: Grinding your cannabis into powder Solution: Use a hand grinder for a more coarse grind Ever wonder why your edibles have a strong grassy flavor? The grind of your cannabis might be too fine. Pulverizing your cannabis with a food processor or a coffee grinder until it’s a powder will: Introduce chlorophyll to your oil, lending a strong plant-like taste Cause your butter or oil to turn green (which may look appealing, but at the cost of flavor) Make it impossible to strain unwanted, bad-tasting plant material Once your cannabis has decarboxylated in the oven, grind it coarsely with a hand grinder. Cannabinoids readily bind to the oil’s fats, and a coarse grind will allow it to effectively absorb without pulling in unwanted plant material. Mistake #5: Improperly straining the oil Solution: Strain with cheesecloth and let gravity do the work Once you’ve infused your oil, it’s time to strain out the plant material. Cheesecloth is often recommended because it allows oil to pass through while separating it from the ground plant material, but only if you let gravity do the straining for you. Don’t squeeze the cheesecloth to get every drop of oil out. Milking it like this will push out a little more oil but a lot more plant material. Mistake #6: Baking too little oil into your dish–or, God forbid, way too much Solution: Test the oil’s potency before incorporating it into a dish Eating homemade edibles doesn’t have to be like Russian Roulette. You can run a “strand test” beforehand to gage how much infused oil you’ll need in your recipe based on its potency. Here’s how. Take 1/4 or 1/2 teaspoon of your oil as a personal dose and add it to a food or drink. Wait an hour and see how you feel. This will help you determine what an appropriate single dose would be. Once you’ve determined how much oil yields your desired effects, multiply that dose per serving if making a shareable batch (if making a cake, pizza, a pitcher, etc.). Or simply scoop that perfect dose onto each individual dish (if infusing a plate of pasta, a cup of coffee, a piece of toast, etc.). Mistake #7: Uneven distribution of potency in an infused batch Solution: Stir well. Really, really well. We’ve all been there: you made a perfectly good batch of cannabutter for your brownies, but after eating an entire piece, you don’t feel a thing. So you eat another, and still don’t feel a thing. Your friend, however, ate half a one and is somewhere in the cosmos. What happened? You probably didn’t stir the batter well enough. If making a batch of infused food, stir like your life depended on it. This will ensure that the oil is distributed evenly across the batch and that your perfect dose makes it into each individual slice. If you aspire to perfect your infused dishes, be sure to stop by a Puff, Pass & Bake cooking class in Denver, CO, or Las Vegas, NV, to learn all the secrets (while having a jolly good time with other stoned people). When it comes to cannabis and cooking, there’s always more to learn. Sourced from Leafly.
1 month ago
10, or even five years ago, marijuana was synonymous with “getting high.” But since then, research has begun to scratch the surface and emit some notable, empirical results proving the cannabis plant’s medical power. Now, we know there are at least 483 different chemical compounds in marijuana, but the effects of most are still a mystery. Yet thanks to testing results and studies, we know the most important and frequently found chemicals in cannabis–and they’re end effect on the user. The most common and prevalent of these compounds, THC, produces that psychoactive high. The rest differ and are often barely found in many strains. But when found and studied, these compounds have some superlative powers that can help a wide array of maladies now and in the future. When you walk into a licensed medical marijuana dispensary, you will most often find these five compounds and their percentages accompanying a strain as most medical states now require testings that produce percentages of these chemical compounds. Here’s what those compounds are, what those percentages mean, how they will impact your mind and body, and which compounds are best for your condition (s). 1. THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) THC delivers the high, stoney effect in almost all marijuana strains. THC’s psychoactive quality occurs when the compound is activated (lit with fie) from THCV (THC in stagnant form). The compound then binds to the cannabinoid receptors producing the common high–which is also synonymous with a runner’s highMost modern strains range anywhere from 10-30% in THC (15-20% is industry standard), but some strains check in as low as 5% and testing numbers have been reported near 35% for strains like Alien Dawg (Alien OG x Chem Dog). If you suffer from anxiety and prefer a lighter smoke, veer towards certain strains, like Purple Kush (and the purp family) with lower THC counts and lighter impact. If you’re a frequent smoker with a high tolerance, strains with higher potency, like OGs, will be more your speed. The higher the THC percentages, the more psychoactive the strain will likely be. In addition to its high THC is an appetite suppressant with a variety of medical benefits. Some known benefits of THC are that helps fight glaucoma, forms of cancer (particularly in treatment), insomnia, PTSD, and anxiety disorders. Strains with THC in it: nearly all. 2) CBD (Cannabidiol) The seizure stopper and the Sorcerer’s Stone of the cannabis sphere, CBD is pure medicine. CBD has a wide range of proven medical effects, chief among them preventing seizures in epileptic children. The compound has been featured on CNN and its oils are actually legal in over 30 states. Some strains of hemp with almost zero trace of THC within are very rich in CBD. Percentages of CBD in strains range from as low as 1% (in THC-heavy strains) to as high as 25%. Strains on the lower spectrum of CBD percentage are often overshadowed by THC. Typical ratios of CBD to THC in major CBD-heavy strains are 1:1, 2:1, and 3:1. To increase these ratios and purify CBD, flowers are frequently extracted to make oils which are then in turn used to make edibles and tinctures. Oftentimes, CBD comes with a distinct, cherry flavor that’s reminiscent of cough syrup’s flavor profile. Since CBD is not psychoactive, those without ailments may find little to no effect from CBD. Common CBD-Rich Strains: Charlotte’s Web, Cannatonic, ACDC, Harlequin, Pennywise and Spectrum 3) THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) Considered the caffeine of cannabis. THCV supplies a racy, instant jolt that shines through in certain, often Sativa strains of marijuana. Unlike cannabis’ other core compounds, THCV is actually an appetite suppressant. Like THC, THCV is psychoactive and carries trippy, elated effect. THCV must reach 428 degrees Fahrenheit to reach its activation. Amongst its medical benefits, THCV stimulates bone growth and helps Diabetes as it aids in maintaining blood sugar levels. If you want a high energy strain, look for THCV strains or ask your medical dispensary which strains may be high in it. Likewise, if you get anxious and prefer Indicas, steer clear of this compound. THCV heavy strains include: African Hazes, Lemon G, Durban Poison, Skunk, Dutch Treat 4) CBN (Cannabinol) A compound with less available studies and viable information, think of CBN as your CBD Light. CBN is thought to share characteristics and benefits of CBD, mainly sleep aid. The calming chemical also has shown promise as an MRSA topical. Since CBN is converted from THC, there are usually very (if any) trace amounts in most strains, typically hovering in the 1% range. But, when present, CBN values tend to appreciate over time as the longer cannabis sits around the more CBN it’s likely to produce. Thanks to modern extraction methods, scientists are fast discovering how to isolate CBN (much like CBD), making it the healthy sleep aid of the future. 5) CBG (Cannabigerol) The up-and-coming compound to keep an eye on, CBG has powerful potential as a recent discovery indicates that CBG may well be the parent for both THC and CBD compounds. That means we wouldn’t have THC and CBD without CBG, which eventually turns into those compounds. Like CBD, CBG has known relaxing benefits. Now being coined the “stem cell” for all other cannabinoids, CBG functions by blocking GABA and relaxing muscles. If you don’t want to get high and are strictly using cannabis for its medical benefits, then you should look for strains with under 1% THC and only CBD, CBG, and CBN. Some hemp strains of cannabis have under .3% –which qualifies it as hemp, and is not “cannabis.” As noted, isolating these compounds has begun in some advanced circles, and the knowledge on cannabis’ core properties and the other many compounds within should continue to broaden in the coming years! Content Sourced from Cresco Labs.
1 month ago
The lazy stoner. My head hurts every time I hear about that couch-locked archetype. Not that it’s entirely baseless. Certain strains of cannabis and pot products have deeply sedative effects and can mostly render a person speechless and motionless for minutes if not hours. Unsurprisingly, those same products are often among the most effective natural alternatives to opiates, too—legitimate painkilling properties that have been chronicled in the highly selective Journal of the American Medical Association. But too often the lazy stoner is evoked to represent most if not all cannabis consumers, though as legal marijuana becomes our new normal, we’re disproving that anachronism daily. And I’m honored to present yet another rebuttal to this outdated concept—my own discovery that marijuana substantially contributes to my personal productivity in specific situations. As recently as five years ago, I was not consuming cannabis at all. I don’t smoke and that’s how marijuana was mostly offered to me, a passed joint or bowl. But when a friend offered me a cannabis-infused mint chocolate bar he purchased in a state-regulated medical dispensary in 2013, I was immediately enamored with how marijuana made me feel compared to other intoxicants. It helped me relax, and if I had a little more, it gave me the giggles. But it also brought on a focus that immediately had me contemplating how I might be able to harness this concentrated energy, this single-mindedness. I’d heard about lazy stoners for decades, and I’d certainly known some — but I also knew people who incorporated daily marijuana use into their busy and productive lives, and for the first time in my life I envisioned myself as someone who preferred weed over booze. At first, I was uncomfortable as that person. After a childhood of Just Say No and Hugs Not Drugs and D.A.R.E. and a journalism career of seeking out reputable sources, many of whom serve in various levels of government, I thought I knew all I needed to know about marijuana. Of course I was wrong. Because so many of those sources, those government officials, were dead-wrong on cannabis. And while my four years of cannabis consumption have taught me many lessons, here are a couple I still employ today—about the improbable productivity of marijuana consumption. LESSON NO. 1: PSYCHOACTIVES AND WORK- WORK DON’T MIX—FOR ME, AT LEAST. The first lesson about my productivity-based relationship with cannabis was rooted in a lack of productivity. I remember staring down the barrel of a freelance deadline in 2013, and I wondered if a microdose of edible cannabis might help my lingering writer’s block. An hour after ingesting 5mgs of activated THC, I knew the marijuana wasn’t helping me write. While certain substances can be great for brainstorming seshes, weed included, they’re not always the best fuel for the execution that follows. I speak for myself alone, of course, as we all know others whose ritualistic wake-and-bake positions them in a mindset for a productive day. But that’s not me. LESSON NO. 2: PACKING SUCKS, THOUGH IT SUCKS SIGNIFICANTLY LESS WHEN YOU’RE HIGH After spending the weekend picking up recycled boxes from friends who had recently moved, my then-girlfriend and I set the game plan: She would pack up the kitchen if I started in the spare bedroom, which was also home to our bookshelves and home office. I remember taking a bite of an infused baklava, feeling like a domestic Timothy Leary, wondering about its potential impact on the next few hours. CANNABIS HAS MADE ME A MORE ORGANIZED INDIVIDUAL. When Melana (now my wife) poked her head into the spare bedroom two hours later she was dumbfounded to see two towers of meticulously labeled boxes stacked against the wall and empty bookshelves pushed against a moving truck-ready desk and standalone closet. I had been working with unparalleled focus, only breaking for water (so much water!) and the occasional steering to our Spotify playlist. I was as surprised, and as pleased, as my lady was. And suddenly my perspective of cannabis was changing. LESSON NO. 3: YARD WORK SUCKS, THOUGH ... YOU SEE WHERE I’M GOING WITH THIS After renting my house for two years to some young dudes and their giant dog, my yard was more of a disaster than I left it. With my fiancee working a long Saturday at the salon, I decided to do something I rarely did— consume cannabis before noon—and hit the yard with some work gloves, an endless supply of ice water and a YouTube loop of TED talks cycling through my Bluetooth speaker. Four hours of sweaty, grueling work flew by quite enjoyably, and I was immensely gratified by the progress I’d made in the yard. It’s worth noting here: I am not one of those homeowners who loves yard work, who finds it meditative. But add some cannabis to that equation and I’m a flipping zen master, reveling in work I’d normally find tedious. LESSON NO. 4: BETTER (AND MORE ORGANIZED) LIVING THROUGH CHEMISTRY I can honestly say cannabis has made me a more organized individual. I’m more conscientious about my pets, making sure the cat’s litter box is cleaned regularly and the dogs are walked—even after late evenings at the office. I’m more attentive to my family’s long-term planning, setting aside time to vote and talk finances and plan our week’s (and month’s and year’s) social and travel calendars to ensure my wife and I are in sync. Cannabis as a productivity tool deserves to be celebrated, and I know I’m not alone in thinking that. Content Sourced from Sensi Magazine
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10. Transactional Partners. Bushl provides information about other company’s services and products within our Sites. If you engage with the other party, you are transacting directly with the other party. On those pages of our Sites, the transactional partner’s brand and name is clearly visible and their terms and conditions relating to their business.
11. Submissions and User Conduct. The Sites may provide users an opportunity to post comments, and other content; write and send communications (e.g. email, text message [SMS], etc.); submit suggestions, ideas, comments, questions, or other information; or otherwise interact with others and share thoughts, information and materials. By writing, posting, commenting, interacting, or otherwise adding content or information to the Sites (collectively "Submissions"), you grant Bushl the right to copy, edit, publish, and distribute your Submissions. You are prohibited from using the Sites or the Services to post or send any unlawful, infringing, threatening, defamatory, libelous, obscene, pornographic or profane material or any material that infringes or misappropriates third part intellectual property or could constitute or encourage conduct that would be considered a criminal offense or give rise to civil liability, or otherwise violate any law. You further understand and agree that sending unsolicited advertisements or "spam" to any user of the Sites is expressly prohibited by this Agreement. In addition to any remedies that we may have at law or in equity, if we determine, in our sole discretion, that you have violated or are likely to violate the foregoing prohibitions, any applicable rules or policies linked to in this Agreement, or any law or regulation, we may take any action we deem necessary to cure or prevent the violation, including without limitation, banning you from participating in our Sites and Services, the immediate removal of the related materials from the Sites and Services at any time without notice. We will fully cooperate with any law enforcement authorities or court order or subpoena requesting or directing us to disclose the identity of anyone posting such materials.
12. User Account Obligations and Security. You understand that you will need to create an account to have access to all of the parts of the Sites and to the Services. In consideration of your use of the Sites and Services, you will: (a) provide true, accurate, current and complete information about yourself and your business as prompted by the account registration pages (such information being the "Registration Data") and (b) maintain and promptly update the Registration Data to keep it true, accurate, current and complete. If you provide any information that is untrue, inaccurate, not current or incomplete, or Bushl has reasonable grounds to suspect that such information is untrue, inaccurate, not current or incomplete, Bushl reserves the right, in its sole discretion to suspend or terminate your account and refuse any and all current or future use of the Sites (or any portion thereof) or Services. You are entirely responsible for the security and confidentiality of your password and account. Furthermore, you are entirely responsible for any and all activities that occur under your account. You will not share your account information or your user name and password with any third party or permit any third party to logon to the Sites or Services using your account information. You agree to immediately notify us of any unauthorized use of your account or any other breach of security of which you become aware. You are responsible for taking precautions and providing security measures best suited for your situation and intended use of the Services and Sites. We have the right to provide user billing, account, Content or use records, and related information under certain circumstances (such as in response to legal responsibility, lawful process, orders, subpoenas, or warrants, or to protect our rights, customers or business). Please note that anyone able to provide your personally identifiable information will be able to access your account so you should take reasonable steps to protect this information.
13. User Submissions and Published Content. We do not seek User Submissions that result from any activity that: (i) may create a risk of harm, loss, physical or mental injury, emotional distress, death, disability, disfigurement, or physical or mental illness to you, to any other person, or to any animal; (ii) may create a risk of any other loss or damage to any person or property; or (iii) may constitute a crime or tort. You agree that you have not and will not engage in any of the foregoing activities in connection with producing your submission. Without limiting the foregoing, you agree that in conjunction with your submission, you will not inflict emotional distress on other people, will not humiliate other people (publicly or otherwise), will not assault or threaten other people, will not enter onto private property without permission, will not impersonate any other person or misrepresent your affiliation, title, or authority, and will not otherwise engage in any activity that may result in injury, death, property damage, and/or liability of any kind. Bushl will reject any submissions in which Bushl believes, in its sole discretion, that any such activities have occurred. If notified by a user of a submission that allegedly violates any provision of these Terms and Conditions, Bushl reserves the right to determine, in its sole discretion, if such a violation has occurred, and to remove any such submission from the Sites at any time and without notice.
User published Content and User Submissions do not represent the views of Bushl or any individual associated with Bushl, and we do not control this Content. In no event shall you represent or suggest, directly or indirectly, Bushl’s endorsement of user published Content. Bushl does not vouch for the accuracy or credibility of any user published Content on our Sites or User Submissions published through our Services, and do not take any responsibility or assume any liability for any actions you may take as a result of reviewing any such user published Content or User Submission. Through your use of the Sites and Services, you may be exposed to Content that you may find offensive, objectionable, harmful, inaccurate or deceptive. There may also be risks of dealing with underage persons, people acting under false pretense, international trade issues and foreign nationals. By using our Site and Services, you assume all associated risks.
14. Advertising Rights. Bushl reserves the right to sell, license and/or display any advertising, attribution, links, promotional and/or distribution rights in connection with your User Submissions, and Bushl and its licensors or affiliates will be entitled to retain any and all revenue generated from any sales or licenses of such advertising, attribution, links, or promotional or distribution rights. Nothing in these additional terms obligates or may be deemed to obligate Bushl to sell, license or offer to sell or license any advertising, promotion or distribution rights.
15. Representations and Warranties. You represent that You are over the age of 21, have the right and authority to enter into this Agreement, are fully able and competent to satisfy the terms, conditions, and obligations herein, and Your use of the Sites and Services is and will be in compliance with all applicable laws, including having all necessary licenses and registrations as required by state and local laws. Furthermore, you shall be solely responsible for your own User Submissions and the consequences of posting or publishing them. In connection with User Submissions, you affirm, represent and warrant the following: (i) You have obtained all consents, and possess all copyright, patent, trademark, trade secret and any other proprietary rights, or the necessary licenses thereto, to grant the license in Section 7; (ii) if necessary you have the written consent of each and every identifiable natural person in the User Submission to use such persons name or likeness in the manner contemplated by the Website and this Agreement, and each such person has released you from any liability that may arise in relation to such use; (iii) You have read, understood, agree with, and will abide by the terms of this agreement; (iv) You are not, and have not been an agent of Bushl and were not and are not acting on behalf of, or as a representative of, Bushl or any other party in connection with the User Submission; (v) the User Submission and Bushl’s use thereof as contemplated by this Agreement and Bushl’s Sites will not infringe any rights of any third party, including but not limited to any Intellectual Property Rights, privacy rights and rights of publicity; (vi) You have not and will not engage in any of the following in connection with the production of, your appearance in, or contribution(s) to your User Submission: infliction of injury to any person or animal, humiliation of any person (whether public or private), infliction of emotional distress on any person, assault or battery of any person, damage to any property without permission, entry on any property without permission, or any other act or omission that could give rise to civil and/or criminal liability; (vii) The User Submission does not contain: (a) material falsehoods or misrepresentations that could harm Bushl or any third party; (b) content that is unlawful, obscene, defamatory, libelous, threatening, pornographic, harassing or encourages conduct that would be considered a criminal offense, give rise to civil liability or violate any law; (c) advertisements or solicitations of business; or (d) impersonations of third parties, other than those which are readily apparent.
16. Links and Third Party Links. Creating or maintaining any link from another web site to any page on the Site without our prior written permission is prohibited. Any permitted links to the Site must comply will all applicable laws, rule and regulations. From time to time, the Sites or Services may contain links to websites that are not owned, operated or controlled by Bushl or its affiliates. All such links are provided solely as a convenience to you. If you use these links, you will leave the Sites. Neither we nor any of our respective affiliates are responsible for any content, materials or other information located on or accessible from any other website. Neither we nor any of our respective affiliates endorse, guarantee, or make any representations or warranties regarding any other websites, or any content, materials or other information located or accessible from any other websites, or the results that you may obtain from using any other websites. If you decide to access any other websites linked to or from this Sites, you do so entirely at your own risk.
17. Limitations of Liability. Bushl does not assume any responsibility, or will be liable, for any damages to, or any viruses that may infect your computer, telecommunication equipment, or other property caused by or arising from your access to, use of, or browsing the Sites, or your downloading of any information or materials from the Sites. IN NO EVENT WILL BUSHL, OR ANY OF ITS OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, EMPLOYEES, SHAREHOLDERS, AFFILIATES, SUCCESSORS OR ASSIGNS, NOR ANY PARTY INVOLVED IN THE CREATION, PRODUCTION OR TRANSMISSION OF THE SITES OR SERVICES, BE LIABLE TO YOU OR ANYONE ELSE FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, PUNITIVE, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THOSE RESULTING FROM LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) ARISING OUT OF THE USE, INABILITY TO USE, OR THE RESULTS OF USE OF THE SITE, OR THE MATERIALS, INFORMATION OR SERVICES CONTAINED ON ANY OR ALL SUCH SITES, WHETHER BASED ON TORT, WARRANTY, CONTRACT OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY AND WHETHER OR NOT ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. YOU SPECIFICALLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT BUSHL SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR USER SUBMISSIONS OR THE DEFAMATORY, OFFENSIVE, OR ILLEGAL CONDUCT OF ANY THIRD PARTY, AND THAT THE RISK OF HARM OR DAMAGE FROM THE FOREGOING RESTS ENTIRELY WITH YOU. THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY DO NOT APPLY TO THE EXTENT PROHIBITED BY LAW. PLEASE REFER TO YOUR LOCAL LAWS FOR ANY SUCH PROHIBITIONS
IN THE EVENT OF ANY PROBLEM WITH THE SITES OR ANY CONTENT OR SERVICES THEREON, YOU AGREE THAT YOUR SOLE REMEDY IS TO CEASE USING THE SITES. IN THE EVENT OF ANY PROBLEM WITH THE SERVICES THAT YOU HAVE SUBSCRIBED TO ON OR THROUGH THE SITES, YOU AGREE THAT YOUR SOLE REMEDY, IF ANY, IS TO SEEK A REFUND FOR SUCH SERVICES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE BUSHL REFUNDS POLICY. IN NO EVENT SHALL BUSHL’S TOTAL LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ALL DAMAGES, LOSSES, AND CAUSES OF ACTION WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, NEGLIGENCE), OR OTHERWISE EXCEED THE GREATER OF (A) ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS (US $100.00) OR (B) THE VALUE OF YOUR SUBSCRIPTION FEES FOR ACCESS TO THE SITES OR SERVICES.
18. Disclaimers. YOUR USE OF THE SITES AND THE SERVICES IS AT YOUR RISK. THE INFORMATION, MATERIALS AND SERVICES PROVIDED ON OR THROUGH THE SITES AND SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, SECURITY OR NON-INFRINGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY. NEITHER BUSHL, NOR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES WARRANT THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION, MATERIALS OR SERVICES PROVIDED ON OR THROUGH THE SITES. THE INFORMATION, MATERIALS AND SERVICES PROVIDED ON OR THROUGH THE SITES MAY BE OUT OF DATE, AND NEITHER BUSHL, NOR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES MAKES ANY COMMITMENT OR ASSUMES ANY DUTY TO UPDATE SUCH INFORMATION, MATERIALS OR SERVICES. THE FOREGOING EXCLUSIONS OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES DO NOT APPLY TO THE EXTENT PROHIBITED BY LAW. PLEASE REFER TO YOUR LOCAL LAWS FOR ANY SUCH PROHIBITIONS. NO ADVICE OR INFORMATION, WHETHER ORAL OR WRITTEN, OBTAINED FROM BUSHL OR THROUGH BUSHL SITES AND SERVICES WILL CREATE ANY WARRANTY NOT EXPRESSLY MADE HEREIN
19. Indemnity. You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Bushl and any affiliated company or individual harmless from any and all liabilities, costs, and expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, related to or in connection with (i) the use of the Sites or the Services, or your placement or transmission of any message or information on this Sites by you or your authorized users; (ii) your violation of any term of this Agreement, including without limitation, your breach of any of the representations and warranties above; (iii) your violation of any third party right, including without limitation any right of privacy, publicity rights or Intellectual Property Rights; (iv) your violation of any law, rule or regulation of the United States or any other country; (v) any claim or damages that arise as a result of any User Submission that you provide to Bushl; or (vi) any other party's access and use of the Sites with your unique username, password or other appropriate security code.
20. Release. In the event that you have a dispute with one or more other users of the Site, you release Bushl (and our officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries, joint ventures and employees) from claims, demands and damages (actual and consequential) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with such disputes.
21. Termination. You or we may suspend or terminate your account or your use of the Sites at any time, for any reason or for no reason. You are personally liable for any subscriptions placed or charges incurred through your account prior to termination. We may also block your access to our Sites or Services in the event that (a) you breach this Agreement; (b) we are unable to verify or authenticate any information you provide to us; or (c) we believe that your actions may cause financial loss or legal liability for you, our users or us.
22. Force Majeure. Neither Bushl nor you shall be responsible for damages or for delays or failures in performance resulting from acts or occurrences beyond their reasonable control, including, without limitation: fire, lightning, explosion, power surge or failure, water, acts of God, war, revolution, civil commotion or acts of civil or military authorities or public enemies: any law, order, regulation, ordinance, or requirement of any government or legal body or any representative of any such government or legal body; or labor unrest, including without limitation, strikes, slowdowns, picketing, or boycotts; inability to secure raw materials, transportation facilities, fuel or energy shortages, or acts or omissions of other common carriers.
23. General. All matters relating to the Sites, Services and this Agreement and any dispute or claim arising therefrom or related thereto (in each case, including non-contractual disputes or claims), shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the internal laws of the State of Oregon without giving effect to any choice or conflict of law provision or rule. You consent to the exclusive jurisdiction of the state and federal courts located in _____ County, Oregon. A printed version of this Agreement will be admissible in judicial and administrative proceedings based upon or relating to this Agreement to the same extent and subject to the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form.
We do not guarantee continuous, uninterrupted or secure access to our Sites or Services, and operation of the Sites may be interfered with by numerous factors outside of our control. If any provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced. You agree that this Agreement, and all incorporated agreements, may be automatically assigned by Bushl in our sole discretion. Headings are for reference purposes only and in no way define, limit, construe or describe the scope or extent of such section. Our failure to act with respect to a breach by you or others does not waive our right to act with respect to subsequent or similar breaches. Our failure to act with respect to a breach by you or others does not waive our right to act with respect to subsequent or similar breaches. This Agreement sets forth the entire understanding and agreement between us with respect to the subject matter hereof. Sections 1 (Site Access License and Restrictions), 17 (Limitations of Liability), 19 (Indemnity), and 20 (Release) shall survive any termination or expiration of this Agreement.
24. Entire Agreement. These terms and conditions are the entire agreement between you and Bushl and supersede any prior understandings or agreements (written or oral).
25. Additional Assistance. If you do not understand any of the foregoing Terms and Conditions of Use or if you have any questions or comments, please contact us at by email at: [email]
26. Copyright Notice. All Site design, graphics, text selections, arrangement and all software are Copyright © 2018 Bushl, Inc. or its licensors. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.